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How To Upgrade a Library

From InfiniteERP Wiki

Overview

Bulbgraph.png   The intended audience of this document is mainly Openbravo staff. It describes the internal process to be followed whenever a library needs to be upgraded. It applies both to libraries in Openbravo 3 distribution as well as to libraries delivered by modules.

From time to time, it is necessary to upgrade a Java library (a jar file) to a newer version. Motivations for this can be diverse:

  • Make use of new capabilities
  • Get rid of bugs in older version
  • Keep updated stack
  • ...

To upgrade a library the process described bellow needs to be followed.

Prerequisites

22px   If any of the following prerequisites is not satisfied, it will not be possible to upgrade the library to the newer version!!

Note these prerequisites apply also when adding a new library.

JDK version compatibility

All jars need to be compatible with, at least, the lowest supported JDK version by Openbravo. If the jar is compiled with a higher version, it will not be usable in instances running an older one (yes in the other way around).

To check the JDK version used to compile this library:

  • Unzip the new jar: unzip new-library.jar -d /tmp/new-library
  • Typically in the META-INF/MANIFEST.MF file there is information about the JDK used to compile it
  • It is also posible to check the JDK used to compile .class files. This is done with the javap program checking the major version value. Here you can find how they correspond with the currently used numbers. The following script list versions of all .class files, note it can take time in case there are many files in the jar: for f in `find -name "*class"`; do javap -verbose $f | grep "major version"; done | sort | uniq

License compatibility

Usually libraries select a license and they stick to it among different versions. But sometimes, license is changed from a version to another.

When upgrading a library (or including a new one), you need to check the newer version's license.

  • If it is the same as the older version, there is no problem.
  • If it is a different one, check in the legal/Licensing.txt file:
    • If the new license is already used by any of the included libraries, no problem
    • If not, lawyer needs to be asked whether the new license allows to distribute this library

Process

Once the prerequisites are satisfied, the upgrade process consists on the following steps:

Check for API changes

A new library version can change its public API. To check these changes:

 hg clone clone https://code.openbravo.com/erp/devel/api-checks/
 cd api-checks/java/tools
 java -classpath japitools.jar net.wuffies.japi.Japize as /tmp/old-api apis path_to_old_jar $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/jsse.jar +org # change org with the topmost part of the package in the library
 java -classpath japitools.jar net.wuffies.japi.Japize as /tmp/new-api apis path_to_new_jar $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/jsse.jar +org # change org with the topmost part of the package in the library
 ./japicompat /tmp/old-api.japi.gz /tmp/new-api.japi.gz | tee /tmp/api-checks.txt

These steps will generate a /tmp/api-checks.txt file detailing all changes that might exist.

Check source compatibility

Even when the api-checks tools do not find any API changes, there may be source incompatibilities of the new version with the previous ones, see here an example. To check this, review the release notes of the library from the previous to the new version.

Check how these changes affect published modules

Bulbgraph.png   This step is only applicable in case of API changes or when including a new library.

Get the code of all published modules in Central Repository. If you have access to Central Repository server, follow next steps, if not, ask someone else (ALO, SHU, AMA...) to do it for you.

git clone https://github.com/alostale/ob-scripts.git
ob-scripts/getAllModules/get-modules.sh
ob-scripts/getAllModules/unzip-modules.sh

This will generate a src directory with sources of all published modules.

Now you can check in the code how the library is used there and whether these changes can affect them. This will give you an idea of the risk of these changes, and might, eventually, require to abort the upgrade process.

Adding a new library

When adding a new library, check in published modules whether there are already modules that deliver it. Pay special attention whether they include a different version to the one you want to update, because in this case incompatibility issues could appear when installing that module together with your library. Depending on how big the impact is a decision on what to do (proceed and communicate it to owner, abort upgrade...) will be required to be taken.

Publish API changes

In case there are API change publish them in the wiki following the defined process.

Update legal folder

All modules containing third party libraries should have a legal directory, which lists the licenses of all included libraries. It also has a Licensing.txt file, listing all library versions and the license they have.

  • Update Licensing.txt file to reflect new version
  • In case of a different license:
    • Include the text if it is not present yet
    • Check if old license is still used by any other library, if not, remove the not used license file

Update the .classpath file

The library is referenced in the .classpath file. If the name of the jar has changed, the file must be updated with the new name.

Update wiki

When upgrading a library included within Openbravo 3 distribution, update the wiki page that list all the libraries included.